Recent research has shown vegans to possess beneficial levels of biomarkers in their body.
There are many reasons why people opt for a vegetarian lifestyle, such as health, animal welfare, religious inclination, and the inclination to avoid a diet that relies excessively on the environment. According to an interactive poll led by the Vegetarian Resource Group, six to eight million adults in the United States do not consume fish or meat. Approximately two million have turned to veganism, and given up not only meat, but animal-based products like dairy. Studies have regularly discovered health benefits of a meat-free diet, such as a reduced risk of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and a lesser risk of developing certain cancers, compared to non-vegetarians.
A team of researchers led by Fayth Miles, studied the metabolic changes connected to a vegetarian diet. The researchers examined plasma, urine, and adipose tissue of the participants who were divided into five categories: vegans, lacto-ovo vegetarians, pesco-vegetarians, semi-vegetarians, and non-vegetarians. Results showed that vegans had the highest levels of bioactive markers which are responsible for preventing diseases. Additionally, they possessed higher levels of omega-3 acids and the lowest levels of fatty acids out of all five groups. Dr. Miles said, "An awareness that a healthier biomarker profile is obtained with a plant-based diet should motivate people to be proactive about dietary habits that promote good health and prevent disease."
The team noted that studying effects of nutritional habits on health is complex, however the knowledge that a person's biomarker profile is connected with different eating habits might make it easier to analyze the association between biomarker levels and increased risk of disease.
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