Engineers Develop Technology to Convert Fossil Fuels into Electricity
Engineers have developed technologies that can transform fossil fuels and biomass into electricity terminating the emission of carbon dioxide, according to a study conducted on January 2, 2018.
A process was devised by the engineers to make useful products from shale gas. Apart from consuming the carbon dioxide produced by the technology, carbon dioxide emitted by other sources are also consumed by it. Secondly, the life of particles involved in transforming coal to electricity were extended by using a new method. The cost for producing syngas was lowered by the discovery of another method.
By providing oxygen for the reaction, oxide particles in the reactors at high pressure are used for burning fossil fuels. Coal-direct chemical looping (CDCL) combustion was demonstrated by the researchers five years ago, in which 99 percent of the carbon dioxide emitted was captured. The oxygen required for combustion was supplied by the iron oxide particles. Once the oxygen from the air is taken back by the particles, the cycle again continues.
According to Andrew Tong, research assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, to keep the particles away from wearing out was the next challenge. Testing of oxygen carrier in an integrated coal-fired chemical looping process was the next step. The industrial use of carbon dioxide as raw material makes this technology very interesting.
Currently, since carbon dioxide scrubbed from power plant exhaust would enter the atmosphere as greenhouse gas, they are buried. With this new technology, useful products can be made from some of the scrubbed carbon dioxide.
The emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, as mentioned in the smart transportation market report published by Coherent Market Insights, can be reduced using smart transportation system. Similarly, this technology of converting fossil fuels into electricity can be used to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to a large extent.
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