Higher Levels of Well-being Associated with Diverse Neighborhood
Researchers reveal that well-being and quality of life is influenced by diversity of neighborhoods, according to a new study published in May 30, 2018.
A team from Yale University found that people living in diverse neighborhoods, with health centers and commuter trains tend to exhibit higher levels of well-being and quality of life.
They conducted a study on 300,000 adults, and understood that people living in communities offering racial diversity, access to preventive health care, and public transportation, were the ones who reported high levels of well-being. They also found that well-being varies by region.
To verify and establish a link between the two aspects of correlation, the researchers studied 77 characteristics of counties across the U.S. related to demographics, clinical care, social, and economic factors, as well as studied the physical environment of these places. They also asked people of their perceptions of their daily life experiences, which included asking them about their sense of purpose in life, financial security, relationships, and physical health.
They then linked the well-being data to specific country characteristics, and concluded on 12 attributes that strongly and independently were associated with individual well-being.
“We came up with attributes that explained a large portion of the variation we see in well-being. Several factors were related to income and education, which is expected. But we also found that attributes related to the community environment and the way people commute and variables related to health care were linked to well-being.” said author of the study, Brita Roy.
They explained this by showing that a community with a higher percentage of black residents was associated with greater well-being for everyone. Furthermore, easy access to preventive healthcare and health centers were linked to well-being. People who could commute to work by public transit or bicycles reported feelings of satisfaction and fulfillment, as shown in the results obtained by the research.
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