Red Wine Polyphenols to Resist Cavity Causing Bacteria

Red-Wine-Polyphenols-to-Resist-Cavity-Causing-Bacteria

New study published in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry on February 22, 2018 reveal polyphenols present in red wine can boost oral health by inhibiting growth of cavity causing bacteria

Previous research studies have reported anti-cancerous and anti-ageing effects of red wine consumption. Red wine consist of polyphenol compounds, which naturally occur in plants and fruits. They have anti-bacterial properties which inhibit growth of infection causing bacteria. Studies have also reported that resveratrol, which is one of the polyphenol can reduce risk of Alzheimer’s and obesity. Conventional studies have examined the effects of red wine in gut and intestine. M. Victoria Moreno-Arribas and colleagues were working on examining effects of wine and grape polyphenols extracts on teeth and gums

This research aims to examine the effect of red wine compounds on other body organs. Research team was focused on two class of polyphenols in red wine, which include caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid. The compounds effectively inhibited growth of oral bacteria in gum tissues. Results of the study reported that polyphenols could be new compounds used in maintaining oral hygiene than using conventional methods such as gargling a glass of salt water before bed.

Polyphenols were found to be more effective along with Streptococcus dentisani, a bacteria found to be oral probiotic. Furthermore, some of the benefits may be the result of metabolites that form as the polyphenols begin to be digested in the mouth. Study showed promising effects of red wine polyphenols extracted from grape seed and red wine extracts on bacteria present on teeth and gums leading to dental plaque, cavities and periodontal disease.

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