Biofuels from Plant Fibers Can Combat Global Warming
Researchers reveal that biofuels produced from switchgrass can combat global warming, according to a study conducted on February 26, 2018.
Biofuels produced from corn, in the recent years, have been used as fuel for motor vehicles. However, this biofuel is not preferred as they are resource-intensive to grow and creates many environmental problems. This study reveals that biofuels can be produced from switchgrass in an environmentally friendly manner. Various growing scenarios were stimulated by using modelling and a climate footprint was found, which ranged from -11 to 10 grams of carbon dioxide per mega joule.
John Field, research scientist said, “What we saw with switchgrass is that you’re actually storing carbon in the soil. You’re building up organic matter and sequestering carbon.” His research team works on generating cellulosic biofuels from grasses. Stringy fiber of a plant is called as cellulose and these grasses can be grown by reducing the environmental impacts.
Field said, “Farmers don’t have to plow up the field every year to plant new crops, and they’re good for a decade or longer.” To track the carbon cycle and plant growth, researchers made use of an ecosystem modeling tool known as DayCent. To predict whether the crop production will help in combating global warming and to know the feasibility of producing specific crops, scientists take the help of these tools.
Engineering details of the supply chain was the main focus in the studies conducted earlier. According to the researchers, details regarding where and how the plant material is grown is also important for the greenhouse gas footprint. Low oil price is the main challenge faced by the biofuel industry. Once an increase in the price of oil is observed, interest and research in biofuels will increase. This will lead to an increase in the growth of advanced biofuel market, as elaborated in the advanced biofuel market report published by Coherent Market Insights.
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