Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Issues New Vaccine Guidelines for Adults

Vaccine Guidelines for Adults

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued new immunization recommendations for adults in September 2017, which includes hepatitis B, HPV, and flu vaccines. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States. It is focused on maintaining public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the US and internationally. Immunizations and vaccinations offer protection from wide range of infections. Some childhood vaccines can wear off over time decreasing the efficiency of the vaccines. An individual can also be at risk for vaccine-preventable disease due to different factors such as age, job, lifestyle, travel or health conditions.

Healthy adults need only two meningitis vaccine doses but three is still recommended in the case of an outbreak or for those at an increased risk for contracting the disease. The CDC recommends adults suffering from chronic liver disease or elevated liver enzymes to go for for hepatitis B vaccine to protect the liver from infection.  Adults should also get a seasonal flu vaccine annually, especially older adults or those with chronic health conditions.  An injection is considered to be more effective than the nasal mist.

Geriatric population is advised to be immunized against shingles with the Zoster vaccine. AN estimated 1 million Americans get the painful rash as a symptom of these disease.  Some people can have serious complications from shingles including severe and lasting pain (post-herpetic neuralgia), pneumonia, hearing problems, blindness, brain inflammation or death.

According to Adult Vaccines Market report published by Coherent Market Insights, CDC recorded the financial burden of adult vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) in the U.S. to be around US$ 10 billion, annually and recommends adults to be vaccinated against various infections such as influenza, pertussis (whooping cough), chickenpox, diphtheria, measles, hepatitis A and B, meningococcal disease (meningitis), human papillomavirus, mumps, pneumococcal disease (pneumonia), rubella, shingles, and tetanus. Adults are also advised to take Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster every 10 years.  Whooping cough is a highly contagious disease that can sometimes be mistaken for bronchitis in older adults.  Immunity from the bacteria which causes pertussis wears off over time and so booster shots are necessary, especially among seniors living in close quarters or who are exposed to very young children. 

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