First Digitally – Fabricated Smart House
Eight Professors from Zurich are building the first digitally constructed three storey house, in collaboration with business partners, according to ETH Zurich in June 2017.
The National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) has led to the culmination of a Digitally Fabricated (DFAB) house. This will be the first house in the world to be planned, designed, and built through a digital processes, created by a group of specialists such as architects, robotics specialists, materials scientists, structural engineers, and sustainability experts.
Most projects such as 3D printed houses make use of only one digital technology for construction. Whereas, the DFAB house is a compilation of a range of new digital building technologies and equipment such as the robot- In situ Fabricator with a Mesh Mold toolhead, a Mesh Mold prototype with double-curved geometry.
The building is being constructed at NEST, offering a central support structure with three open platforms for innovative construction buildings to be installed. DFAB is the first, which would be one of the remaining two future innovative units to be installed.
The aim of this project is to examine how digital technologies could contribute to the sustainability and efficiency of construction. Conventional planning is no longer a requisite, as the design and planning of every component is digitally coordinated and directly manufactured on the site.
Under the lead of digitalSTROM AG, digital technologies would be tested in the house once constructed, several other Swiss companies, innovative smart home solutions and in-ternet of things technologies will also contribute to the smart home. This devices and systems tested would include those able to communicate intelligently with one another, capable of learning, and controlling the building to improve its energy efficiency and comfort.
The DFAB three-storey house with a 200 square meter floor space, would serve as a residential and working space for Empa and Eawag guest researchers and partners of NEST. This innovative and digital house is expected to begin construction by summer 2018.
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