New Vaccine Guidelines for Adults

New Vaccine Guidelines for Adults

The US mandates children to be current on their vaccinations, however, the struggle to conduct regular adult vaccinations has been long-standing despite the prevalence of dangerous diseases.

“Vaccinations are not just for kids,” says Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. “There are many number of vaccines that are targeted to adults. We can do a much better job to deliver these vaccines.”

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s advisory committee (CDC) released new immunization recommendations for hepatitis B, influenza, and HPV. This would be included in the vaccination guidelines, according to ABC News in Feb, 2017.

Adults who had health insurance were more likely to be up to date with vaccinations. The immunization rates for these adults without health insurance were two to five times that of the rates of those with insurance. This posed as a financial barrier to vaccine coverage for all adults.

The CDC found another barrier, which included the physicians themselves. Approximately 25 percent of internists found it difficult to recommend vaccinations based on age. Also, 29 percent reported difficulty to follow recommendations based on medical condition.

The advisory committee recommends that patients should be given reminders in the form of electronic medical records to help immunization coverage for all adults. This would help to follow-up with those who miss out on vaccine dosage. The advisors have also recommended funding to help adults who cannot afford vaccinations and do not have any health insurance coverage.

For HPV, CDC recommended two doses after a gap of five months apart, if taken below 15 years of age and three doses if taken after 15 years of age. For meningitis, two doses of serotype B meningitis vaccine are recommended, however, three doses need to be taken in case of extreme cases. For liver diseases, Hepatitis B vaccine, while for flu, common flu vaccine has been recommended.

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